A Human Settlements In The Atmosphere of Venus?

Why not. It may appear like a sci-fi movie but when the possibility of establishing  a human settlements in the atmosphere of Venus is confirmed by studies, it would change our perceptions of life in outer space. Find out more about this project here:

http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/this-inflatable-plane-could-explore-the-clouds-of-venus/ar-BBkdPsf?ocid=DELLDHP

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MOTHER EARTH SONG

Earthniversity

In the celebration of Earth Day on April 22, 2015, Earthniversity would like to re-post this video. Hoping that this will inspire the readers to engage in activities that can protect and conserve the environment.

For LGUs (local government units) and communities around the world, the following programs and projects can be implemented in your local community to support the Earth Day celebration. These are the following:

1. Tree planting in selected areas which were identified by your local environment office.  This included mangroves tree planting.

2. Clean-up Drive along the coastal areas, river sides, creeks, waterways, parks, forest areas frequented by tourists who left the rubbish there.

3. Conduct of information, education and community consultation, workshop, or symposium on topics relevant to the protection and conservation of the environment.

4. Other activities you deem fit for your local community.

Earthniversity would like to recognize BlueGreenEarth for uploading this video…

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Carbon Dioxide: How It Travels Around The Globe by NASA

In the spring of 2014, for the first time in modern history, atmospheric carbon dioxide – the key driver of global warming – exceeded 400 parts per million across most of the northern hemisphere. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide concentrations were about 270 parts per million. Concentrations of the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere continue to increase, driven primarily by the burning of fossil fuels.”  Source:  NASA

Source: NASA Goddard, uploaded on youtube on 17 November, 2014.

Earthniversity would like to share this article published at one of NASA’s webpage

http://www.nasa.gov/press/goddard/2014/november/nasa-computer-model-provides-a-new-portrait-of-carbon-dioxide/#.VGplofnF8R4)

The whole story reads:

An ultra-high-resolution NASA computer model has given scientists a stunning new look at how carbon dioxide in the atmosphere travels around the globe.  Plumes of carbon dioxide in the simulation swirl and shift as winds disperse the greenhouse gas away from its sources.

The simulation also illustrates differences in carbon dioxide levels in the northern and southern hemispheres and distinct swings in global carbon dioxide concentrations as the growth cycle of plants and trees changes with the seasons.

Scientists have made ground-based measurements of carbon dioxide for decades and in July NASA launched the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite to make global, space-based carbon observations. But the simulation – the product of a new computer model that is among the highest-resolution ever created – is the first to show in such fine detail how carbon dioxide actually moves through the atmosphere.”

“While the presence of carbon dioxide has dramatic global consequences, it’s fascinating to see how local emission sources and weather systems produce gradients of its concentration on a very regional scale,” said Bill Putman, lead scientist on the project from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “Simulations like this, combined with data from observations, will help improve our understanding of both human emissions of carbon dioxide and natural fluxes across the globe.”

The carbon dioxide visualization was produced by a computer model called GEOS-5, created by scientists at NASA Goddard’s Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. In particular, the visualization is part of a simulation called a “Nature Run.” The Nature Run ingests real data on atmospheric conditions and the emission of greenhouse gases and both natural and man-made particulates. The model is then is left to run on its own and simulate the natural behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere. This Nature Run simulates May 2005 to June 2007.  While Goddard scientists have been tweaking a “beta” version of the Nature Run internally for several years, they are now releasing this updated, improved version to the scientific community for the first time. Scientists are presenting a first look at the Nature Run and the carbon dioxide visualization at the SC14 supercomputing conference this week in New Orleans.”

“We’re very excited to share this revolutionary dataset with the modeling and data assimilation community,” Putman said, “and we hope the comprehensiveness of this product and its ground-breaking resolution will provide a platform for research and discovery throughout the Earth science community.”

In the spring of 2014, for the first time in modern history, atmospheric carbon dioxide – the key driver of global warming – exceeded 400 parts per million across most of the northern hemisphere. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, carbon dioxide concentrations were about 270 parts per million. Concentrations of the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere continue to increase, driven primarily by the burning of fossil fuels.

Despite carbon dioxide’s significance, much remains unknown about the pathways it takes from emission source to the atmosphere or carbon reservoirs such as oceans and forests. Combined with satellite observations such as those from NASA’s recently launched OCO-2, computer models will help scientists better understand the processes that drive carbon dioxide concentrations.

The Nature Run also simulates winds, clouds, water vapor and airborne particles such as dust, black carbon, sea salt and emissions from industry and volcanoes.

The resolution of the model is approximately 64 times greater than that of typical global climate models. Most other models used for long-term, high-resolution climate simulations resolve climate variables such as temperatures, pressures, and winds on a horizontal grid consisting of boxes about 50 kilometers (31 miles) wide.  The Nature Run resolves these features on a horizontal grid consisting of boxes only 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) wide.

The Nature Run simulation was run on the NASA Center for Climate Simulation’s Discover supercomputer cluster at Goddard Space Flight Center. The simulation produced nearly four petabytes (million billion bytes) of data and required 75 days of dedicated computation to complete.

In addition to providing a striking visual description of the movements of an invisible gas like carbon dioxide, as it is blown by the winds, this kind of high-resolution simulation will help scientists better project future climate. Engineers can also use this model to test new satellite instrument concepts to gauge their usefulness. The model allows engineers to build and operate a “virtual” instrument inside a computer.

Using GEOS-5 in tests known as Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE) allows scientists to see how new satellite instruments might aid weather and climate forecasts.

“While researchers working on OSSEs have had to rely on regional models to provide such high-resolution Nature Run simulations in the past, this global simulation now provides a new source of experimentation in a comprehensive global context,” Putman said. “This will provide critical value for the design of Earth-orbiting satellite instruments.”

 

For detailed views of various parts of the world, visit:

www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/a-closer-look-at-carbon-dioxide

 

For more information about NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2, visit:

www.nasa.gov/oco or

http://oco.jpl.nasa.gov/

Should We Worry About Black Ice and Dark Snow?

What is the mystery behind this black ice and dark snow phenomenon? If Black Ice and Dark Snow were caused by natural disaster such as forest fires or factory smokes and others, what should the governments do to mitigate this Black Ice and Dark Snow Phenomenon? Does that affect the global warming and greenhouse gases? Jason Box’s story will probably shock you as it did to me. Earthniversity shares this article written by Eric Holthaus. Earthniversity says “Thank you Mr. Holthaus”. To know more, please check this link:

Should We Worry About Black Ice and Dark Snow?


Black Ice……. Source: Jason Box Report and Writer Eric Holthaus


Dark Snow……. Source: Jason Box Report and Writer Eric Holthaus

OCO-2 Satellite Launched July 2, 2014: To Monitor the Breathing of the Earth, NASA Reports

For billions of years, Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that proved to be full of life. As a living planet, the earth needs a balanced ecosystem to maintain its equilibrium the way human beings do.

In this article, “NASA Launches New Carbon-Sensing Mission to Monitor Earth’s Breathing”, “A United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket launches with the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2)satellite onboard from Space Launch Complex 2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. on Wednesday, July 2, 2014. OCO-2 will measure the global distribution of carbon dioxide, the leading human-produced greenhouse gas driving changes in Earth’s climate”. (Source: http://www.nasa.gov)

Please check this out on this link:

http://www.nasa.gov/press/2014/july/nasa-launches-new-carbon-sensing-mission-to-monitor-earth-s-breathing#.U7gsn5z_R6o.facebook

Reference: http://www.nasa.gov.

DRIFTING WITH ICE, ICE ISLAND B31, ANTARCTICA

Latest news about this  ice island B31, which is six times the size of Manhattan  is drifting away from Antarctic glacier and moving towards the Southern Ocean, south of Australia.  Scientists fear that this ice island will pause a hazard to the open sea lanes.  Read more about NASA’s Report on this link below:

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=83519