MOTHER EARTH SONG

Earthniversity

In the celebration of Earth Day on April 22, 2015, Earthniversity would like to re-post this video. Hoping that this will inspire the readers to engage in activities that can protect and conserve the environment.

For LGUs (local government units) and communities around the world, the following programs and projects can be implemented in your local community to support the Earth Day celebration. These are the following:

1. Tree planting in selected areas which were identified by your local environment office.  This included mangroves tree planting.

2. Clean-up Drive along the coastal areas, river sides, creeks, waterways, parks, forest areas frequented by tourists who left the rubbish there.

3. Conduct of information, education and community consultation, workshop, or symposium on topics relevant to the protection and conservation of the environment.

4. Other activities you deem fit for your local community.

Earthniversity would like to recognize BlueGreenEarth for uploading this video…

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Waste Management Styles of Cruise Ships

Earthniversity presents a snippet of the different styles of Waste Management done by cruise ships. Their compliance with environmental laws, remove the irritants between the cruise ships and the environmentalists.   Presented here are the videos of  three (3) cruise ships featuring their styles of managing waste.  The result?  Lowering their environmental footprint.

Source: youtube by Norwegian Epic of Norwegian Cruise Line. Uploaded by CruiseIndustryTV.

Source: youtube by Royal Caribbean Cruises, Ltd.  Uploaded by CruiseIndustryTV.

Source: youtube, uploaded by DW (English).

We just hope, that all other cruise ships around the world, strictly adhere to the proper management of waste and their sanitary disposal whether on land, sea and the atmosphere.  I think, we just got to believe and trust what they do.  In the final analysis, their name is at stake.  So, cruisers (the people who patronize cruise ships), be selective in your choice of cruise ship.  As you think of your next travel destination, consider the cruise line that has a good record in protecting our environment.

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A cruise ship docks at the Heritage Wharf of the Royal Naval Dockyard in the island of Bermuda.

Acknowledgement:

Earthniversity acknowledges the sources of the foregoing videos from youtube and its uploader. Thank you.

A Snippet Into The Plenary of the 2014 UNFCCC-COP World Climate Summit at Hilton Lima, Peru

Earthniversity would like to share the selected events that happened at the recently concluded 2014 World Climate Summit at Hilton Lima, Peru on December 10, 2014.  There were events, however, that were related to the Climate Summit, and were held for various participating countries, organizations, and interest groups beginning 30 November until 11 December 2014.

In order to have a snippet or a glimpse into what happened in the last few days of the World Climate Summit, let me refer you to this link, this is the Media Training Workshop which focused on the issue – The Emissions Gap Report. For me, this is the main focus of the whole summit, to reduce the level of Co2 emissions globally. Here’s the link.

http://unfccc6.meta-fusion.com/cop20/events/2014-12-03-09-30-unfccc-media-training-workshop

The second link is the COP President’s Informal Stocktaking Plenary Session.  Here’s the link

http://unfccc6.meta-fusion.com/cop20/events/2014-12-10-19-00-president-s-informal-stocktaking-plenary

If you happened to be doing a research on the history and progress of 2014 UNFCCC-COP World Climate Summit, please read the “dash board” or the top part of the page of the link.  There you can see the heading such as:  Channels, Plenary 1-Lima (the event was held at Lima), Plenary 2 Cusco (the event was held at Cusco, the historical capital of the Inca Empire), Press Room 1, Press Room 2 and the heading On-Demand.

You can click this heading, On-Demand, to get the video or part of the coverage of the event under the heading – Plenary, Joint High-Level Segment, Special Event, Press Briefing and Media Training.

All of these will give you a full background of the events happening at the Summit, starting on 30 November until December 11, 2014.

Major Points:

To reach a Negative Emissions of Co2 into the atmosphere, the following should be done:

1.  Stop deforestation and do a large scale afforestation.

Deforestation is the act or result of cutting down or burning of trees in an area. Afforestation is the act or process of establishing a forest especially on land not previously forested.  (Source: Merriam-Webster).

2. Biomass fired power plants with CCS – C02 Capture Storage.

Implications:

UN Member Countries and signatories to the Treaty on Climate Change should work hard to deliver the reduction of their country’s carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

The three leaders of global economy such as EU, U.S. and China has pledged to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions.

Trust and Verification

(Source: http://www.cfact.org/2014/12/10/trust-and-verification-at-the-peru-climate-summit/)

As UN member countries and signatories to this Treaty, these countries pledged to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions in the next few years.

In my opinion, one of the indicators of  verification is a list of plans, programs and projects which could be found in a Declaration To Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions.   The programs and projects that are listed in this document are those that are Specific, Pertinent, Attainable, Measurable  and Time-Bounded.  I think, through this, a member country’s pledge can now be verified.  Did they do this?  Did they do that?

The final document to be submitted must also bear the assurance that these activities were indeed implemented and that these information were correct.  Maybe, a project or program evaluation must be conducted to check the veracity of this report on the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.

If higly industrialized countries with enormous number of factories and producer of high level of carbon dioxide will just make  their pledges without stating the specific activities that they have to do,  how sure are we that they will fulfill their pledges or make these pledges happen?  We can trust them, but how can we verify the things that they have done?   There must be a list of things to do, so that from that list we will verify, or we will know if they have, indeed, done their homework.

For a similar discussion about Trust and Verification, may I refer you to the article written by Mr. Craig Rucker of CFACT which is available through this link:

http://www.cfact.org/2014/12/10/trust-and-verification-at-the-peru-climate-summit/

Conclusion:

The 2014 World Climate Summit reaffirms the pledge and commitments of countries around the world who were signatories to this treaty, to reduce their C02 emissions into the atmosphere.  Two of the most important doable things that remained to be strengthened are: 1) stop deforestation and engage in a large scale afforestation and 2) biomass fired power plants with CCS – C02 Capture Storage.

Acknowledgment:

Earthniversity would like to thank the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change website through this link:

1.  http://unfccc6.meta-fusion.com/cop20/events/2014-12-03-09-30-unfccc-media-training-workshop

2.  http://unfccc6.meta-fusion.com/cop20/events/2014-12-10-19-00-president-s-informal-stocktaking-plenary

3.  Mr. Craig Rucker through this link

http://www.cfact.org/2014/12/10/trust-and-verification-at-the-peru-climate-summit/

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Is travel one of your favorite “Things To Do”?  Please visit this website:

http://www.touristangpobre.blogspot.com

Should We Worry About Black Ice and Dark Snow?

What is the mystery behind this black ice and dark snow phenomenon? If Black Ice and Dark Snow were caused by natural disaster such as forest fires or factory smokes and others, what should the governments do to mitigate this Black Ice and Dark Snow Phenomenon? Does that affect the global warming and greenhouse gases? Jason Box’s story will probably shock you as it did to me. Earthniversity shares this article written by Eric Holthaus. Earthniversity says “Thank you Mr. Holthaus”. To know more, please check this link:

Should We Worry About Black Ice and Dark Snow?


Black Ice……. Source: Jason Box Report and Writer Eric Holthaus


Dark Snow……. Source: Jason Box Report and Writer Eric Holthaus

Current Issues on Urban Metabolism & Harvard University Graduate School of Design Lectures, Part 3 of 3.


Source: Youtube. This video is not owned by Earthniversity but by Harvard University Graduate School of Design in connection with their lectures on Projective Views on Urban Metabolism which they uploaded and published on youtube on February 14, 2014. Thank you HUGSD for sharing this video/lectures with all interested people on planet Earth.

Comment:

Urban Metabolism has always fascinated me. I came to know about this in 2000 when I was attending a short course on Designing Sustainable Development under the Master in Urban Management Program in the University of Canberra in Australia. Since then, I got hooked by it because of its relevance to urban planning and design. Its idea of treating urban area or as I would like to use it – human settlement – like a human body that metabolizes, is really relevant in the development, planning and designing of cities and urban areas. But what is Urban Metabolism?

WHAT IS URBAN?
The word urban refers to or pertains to a city, or belonging to a city. (Wikipedia)

WHAT IS METABOLISM?

“Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, “change”) is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms. These enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. The word metabolism can also refer to all chemical reactions that occur in living organisms, including digestion and the transport of substances into and between different cells, in which case the set of reactions within the cells is called intermediary metabolism or intermediate metabolism.” (Wikipedia)

WHAT IS URBAN METABOLISM? The Wikipedia has a nice explanation on this:

“Urban metabolism is a model to facilitate the description and analysis of the flows of the materials and energy within cities, such as undertaken in a Material flow analysis of a city. It provides researchers with a metaphorical framework to study the interactions of natural and human systems in specific regions.[1] From the beginning, researchers have tweaked and altered the parameters of the urban metabolism model. C. Kennedy and fellow researchers have produced a clear definition in the 2007 paper ‘’The Changing Metabolism of Cities’’ claiming that urban metabolism is “the sum total of the technical and socio-economic process that occur in cities, resulting in growth, production of energy and elimination of waste.” [2] With the growing concern of climate change and atmospheric degradation, the use of the urban metabolism model has become a key element in determining and maintaining levels of sustainability and health in cities around the world. Urban metabolism provides a unified or holistic viewpoint to encompass all of the activities of a city in a single model.”

THE HARVARD UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF DESIGN VIDEO ON URBAN METABOLISM

In my research about Urban Metabolism, I encountered this video on youtube about “Projective Views on Urban Metabolism” presented by the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. It caught my attention very greatly that I wish to share this to our readers. I do not claim to be an expert on this topic because I am also a “student”, a searcher just like the rest of us.

This is the explanation of HUGSD on this video which focuses on the main topic entitled: The Agency of Design.

“DDes Conference: Projective Views on Urban Metabolism (Part 3)In the last two decades, the concept of urban metabolism, aiming to grasp the continuous processes of energy, material and population exchange within and between cities and their extensive hinterlands, has been subject of both extensive empirical research and, increasingly, critical discussion within the social and natural sciences. However, these interdisciplinary challenges have not yet been met with a synthetic response from the design disciplines. The goals of this one-day conference are, through the lens of urban metabolism, to: generally reassess the planetary rescaling of contemporary urbanization processes; unpack the transformation of spatial forms and structures and subsequently, the emergence of new operative territories for design; explore the agency of design in confronting these challenges.”

This is the last part (Part 3 of 3) of the lectures conducted by HUGSD on Projective Views on Urban Metabolism. This portion is about The Agency of Design. The speakers are the following:

1. Dr. Mitchell Joachim. He is Co-Founder of TerreForm One. He is also an Associate Professor at New York University. He will talk about their research on TerreForm One.

2. Chris Reed is an Associate Professor in Practice of Landscape Architecture at HUGSD. His research interest includes The Impact of Ecological Science on Design Thinking and City Making Strategies in Form by Landscape Systems and Dynamics.

3. Ila Berman is connected with the University of Waterloo College of Architecture. She is a Doctor of Design Graduate from HUGSD. Her research topic is: Investigate the Relationship Between Culture and Evolution of Contemporary Materials and Spatial Practices.

Moderator: Hashim Sarkis

Toastmasters are: Daniel, Nickos and Pablo.

Citations:

Earthniversity would like to thank the Harvard University Graduate School of Design for uploading this video on youtube. We hope our followers and team members have gained so much knowledge from this sharing on the topic about Projective Views on Urban Metabolism. Again thank you HUGSD and youtube. These videos, Part I, II, and III are available here at Earthniversity blogsite and these are also available on youtube. Thank you everyone….

Current Issues on Urban Metabolism & Harvard University Graduate School of Design Lectures, Part 2 of 3.

Urban Metabolism has always fascinated me. I came to know about this in 2000 when I was attending a short course on Designing Sustainable Development under the Master in Urban Management Program in the University of Canberra in Australia. Since then, I got hooked by it because of its relevance to urban planning and design. Its idea of treating urban area or as I would like to use it – human settlement – like a human body that metabolizes, is really relevant in the development, planning and designing of cities and urban areas. But what is Urban Metabolism?

WHAT IS URBAN?
The word urban refers to or pertains to a city, or belonging to a city. (Wikipedia)

WHAT IS METABOLISM?

“Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, “change”) is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms. These enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. The word metabolism can also refer to all chemical reactions that occur in living organisms, including digestion and the transport of substances into and between different cells, in which case the set of reactions within the cells is called intermediary metabolism or intermediate metabolism.” (Wikipedia)

WHAT IS URBAN METABOLISM? The Wikipedia has a nice explanation on this:

“Urban metabolism is a model to facilitate the description and analysis of the flows of the materials and energy within cities, such as undertaken in a Material flow analysis of a city. It provides researchers with a metaphorical framework to study the interactions of natural and human systems in specific regions.[1] From the beginning, researchers have tweaked and altered the parameters of the urban metabolism model. C. Kennedy and fellow researchers have produced a clear definition in the 2007 paper ‘’The Changing Metabolism of Cities’’ claiming that urban metabolism is “the sum total of the technical and socio-economic process that occur in cities, resulting in growth, production of energy and elimination of waste.” [2] With the growing concern of climate change and atmospheric degradation, the use of the urban metabolism model has become a key element in determining and maintaining levels of sustainability and health in cities around the world. Urban metabolism provides a unified or holistic viewpoint to encompass all of the activities of a city in a single model.”

THE HARVARD UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF DESIGN VIDEO ON URBAN METABOLISM

In my research about Urban Metabolism, I encountered this video on youtube about “Projective Views on Urban Metabolism” presented by the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. It caught my attention very greatly that I wish to share this to our readers. I do not claim to be an expert on this topic because I am also a “student”, a searcher just like the rest of us.

Earthniversity does not own this video but is thankful to Harvard University Graduate School of Design for uploading and sharing this on youtube, so that interested people around the planet could learn from this topic – Urban Metabolism. This video was published on youtube on February 14, 2014.

This is the description of the video according to HUGSD.
Published on Feb 14, 2014

“DDes Conference: Projective Views on Urban Metabolism (Part 2)In the last two decades, the concept of urban metabolism, aiming to grasp the continuous processes of energy, material and population exchange within and between cities and their extensive hinterlands, has been subject of both extensive empirical research and, increasingly, critical discussion within the social and natural sciences. However, these interdisciplinary challenges have not yet been met with a synthetic response from the design disciplines. The goals of this one-day conference are, through the lens of urban metabolism, to: generally reassess the planetary rescaling of contemporary urbanization processes; unpack the transformation of spatial forms and structures and subsequently, the emergence of new operative territories for design; explore the agency of design in confronting these challenges.”

This is Part 2 of the lecture series and the following are the speakers for this session – Territorial Transformation:

1. Lola Sheppard – Topic: Territorial Metabolisms: Far Flung Metabolisms. Lola is Partner Lateral Office and Associate Professor, University of Waterloo
2. Salvador Rueda – Topic: Urban Metabolism. Salvador is Urban Ecologist. He is Founder and Director of Urban and Ecology Agency of Barcelona. He specializes in Planning and Analysis of Complex Systems.
3. Jane Hutton and Kiel Moe – “Material and Energy Ecologies”. Jane and Kiel are Asst. Professors of Harvard University, Graduate School of Design. Jane is with Landscape Architecture Department while Kiel is with Architecture Department. Both co-Direct, Energy Environment and Design Research Lab.
4. Moderator – Pierre Belanger

Toastmasters: Daniel, Nickus and Pablo

Citations:
1. Harvard University Graduate School of Design for uploading this video on youtube for all the people of the world to watch.

Comment:

This post comes in 3 parts. This is Part 2, so the next part will be part 3 of 3. Please watch for it here at Earthniversity under the label “Classroom”. These are also available on youtube.