Strategic Planning Workshop on the Protection & Conservation of the Coral Reefs (Lecture # 9)

Source: Art Vanchaam of Thailand @ Vimeo

Earthniversity would like to present a new topic entitled:  Strategic Planning Workshop on the Protection & Conservation of the Coral Reefs.  This is a global issue and as wide as the extent that the coral reefs are present in any part of the world.  But, Earthniversity attempts to tackle this topic, although it might be boring to some.

Based on our motto “Everyone thinking globally and acting locally”, this global issue can be addressed locally by people in the community where a specific coral reef exists. So, by the local people doing their share of the global responsibility, their activities or observable behavior, to protect and conserve the coral reefs can make a difference in the world.  If everyone in the community will get involve and the local government manifests their  encouragement to the local people to help protect and conserve the coral reefs, then they can do something for their local community that will have a big impact too, in the global community.

This lecture is also a response from one of our readers.  The need of any LGU or Local Government Unit for a comprehensive plan on the protection and conservation of the coral reefs can be addressed if they have the tool or the document from which they can base their activities to attain this goal – protection and conservation of the coral reefs.

This activity is solely for the enrichment of the local government’s initiatives on the protection and conservation of the coral reefs.

This is also a support mechanism to implement, in the local level, the national laws governing the protection and conservation of the coral reefs.  In a way, this lecture is designed to plan a strategy in the effective implementation of national and local laws on the protection and conservation of the coral reefs.

In this activity, the Strategic Planning Workshop on the Protection and Conservationof the Coral Reefs, the various sectors of the community will be actively involved.  From their level, a plan shall be formulated to protect and conserve the coral reef.  The Workshop will, therefore, result in the community’s plan on how to protect and conserve their coral reef.

The Local Government Unit will be the implementing arm of this community’s plan.  This will also result to the community’s ownership of the Strategic Plan, thus, their involvement is strengthened to protect and conserve the coral reefs.  I suggest that the slogan of this workshop shall be:  “Our Coral Reefs, Our Future. Let Us Protect & Conserve It.”

Source: Art Vanchaam of  Thailand @ Vimeo


Before the Workshop, the following shall be prepared:

1.  Facts and figures about the coral reefs.  It might be possible that the coral reefs might be so wide that it might cover several towns, islands, or Local Government Units.  For example, the Tubbataha Reefs is within the territorial waters of the Province of Palawan. While the over-all protection and conservation is within the realm of the national government and the provincial government , the Local Government Units where the Tubbataha Reefs is a part of, must also be involved in its protection and conservation and the gathering of data and information that could help provide the bases for whatever programs and projects need to be implemented to protect and conserve the reefs.

The following are the sources of facts and figures, to wit:

1.1.  Department of Environment and Natural Resources

1.2.  Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

1.3.  Department of Agriculture

1.4.  Office of the Coast Guard

1.5.  Socio-Economic Profile of the LGUs

1.6.  Environment Code of both the National Government and LGU

1.7.  Comprehensive Land Use Plan of the National Government, the Provincial Government, of the Region, and the LGUs

1.8.  Annual Reports of the National Economic and Development Authority, National Government; the Regional Annual Report and the LGUs Annual Report

1.9.  National Development Plan; Regional Development Plan; Provincial, City and Municipal Development Plan

1.10. Other available sources of data.

Pre-StratPlan Requirements

1.  The Training/Workshop Design

1.1. Objectives

1.2. Methodology

1.3. Topics & Resource Persons and Workshop Facilitators

1.4. Supplies, Materials & Equipment (LCD Projector, Computer, Laptop, Screen, Overhead Projector, Service Vehicle, Gasoline Allowance, Training Kits and Hand-outs, cartolina, manila paper for workshop, etc.

1.5. Venue, Accommodation of Participants, Food & Catering, etc.

1.6. Other items that I missed to list.

Training/Workshop Proper

1.  Registration

2.  Opening Ceremonies

3.  Introduction of Participants

4.  Leveling of Expectations

5.  Presentation of T/W Objectives vis-a-vis Participants’ Expectations

Source:  D. J. Clark video @ Vimeo, text and voice over by Jofelle Tesoro.  Interview with Angelique Songco, dive master and Director of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park, Palawan


Strategic Planning Workshop Session

Participants will be asked to answer or discuss the following questions:

1.  Who Are We?

2.  Where Are We Now?

3.  Where Are We Going?

4.  What Are The Obstacles And Strengths To Reach Our Goals?

Analysis of SWOT – strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.

5.  How Are We Going To Get There?

6.  Group Discussions

6.1.  Fine tuning of the answers to each question.  Prioritize the answers according to importance.

6.2.  Presentation & Critiquing

6.3.  Writing/Preparation of the Final Output

7.  Formulation of Action Plan

7.1.  Activities/Programs/Projects

7.2.  Targets

7.3.  Strategies

7.4.  Budget Requirements

7.5.   Persons/Personnel Responsible

7.6.   Time Frame

7.7.    Action Taken

Note:  You can revise this part of the Design to suit your specific need.

8.  Preparation of the Document on the Workshop output for presentation to the Local Government Unit’s Local Development Council for their comments. To be done by the Technical Working Group/TWG in collaboration with the Workshop Secretariat.

9.  Presentation of the Strategic Plan on the Protection & Conservation of the Coral Reefs to the community through Community Consultation.  The community will be asked to add their inputs to this StratPlan.

-10.  Preparation of the Document after the Community Consultation.  This will be presented to the Local Development Council for review and approval through a Resolution.

11.  Preparation of the Final Document on the Strategic Plan on the Protection & Conservation of the Coral Reefs and for approval of the Local Chief Executive – Governor or Mayor.

12.  The LCE  will submit this StratPlan to the Local Council for their review and approval through a Council Resolution.

13.  Implementation.  Once approval of the Council is done, the implementing agency, which has been identified during the workshop and during meetings with the Local Development Council and also mentioned in the StratPlan submitted to the Local Council, will now convene the Committee to formulate their implementation plan. Most probably, the Chair is the Environment Officer with members coming from selected Local Government’s Departments with direct or implied participation in the implementation of the Plan.  For example:

Chair       – Environment Officer


1. Representative of the Local Council representing the Environment Committee.

2. Representative of the LCE.

3.  Chair of the Local Development Council.

4.  The Legal Officer of the LGU.

5.  Local Representative of the DENR, Bureau of Fisheries, Department of Agriculture, and other National Agencies already identified during the Workshop.

6.  Other LGUs, Agencies, Persons or Groups to be identified during the Workshop or by the LGU.

7.   The Secretariat, preferably the Planning & Development Coordinator of the LGU.

Monitoring & Evaluation

The Committee created for this purpose will schedule a regular monitoring and evaluation team of the implementation of the StratPlan.  A monitoring and evaluation form should be designed using several indicators for easy interpretation of the data.

14.  Updating of the StratPlan.  A timeline shall be decided by the Committee setting the schedule of the Update of the StratPlan.  For example, yearly or every three (3) years.

15.  Sustainability Measures.  A discussion on the sustainability of the StratPlan shall be part of the final document so that the implementation will go on even if new set of local government officials will take over the reins of the local government.

Source:  Nick Utchin of Bangkok Thailand @ Vimeo


This is just a draft or a suggested format of the Strategic Planning Workshop on the Protection & Conservation of the Coral Reefs.  Most of the activities included in this StratPlan were based on my personal experience as a technical writer on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan, Environment Code and Solid Waste Management Plan of a city in the Philippines; as a  city planning and development officer of a Local Government Unit, and as planning and development facilitator of a foreign government aid agency’s project in the Philippines.

In this draft, I have included all that are supposed to be done but the way it should be done and implemented may vary from one LGU to another.  Meaning, you improve this to suit  your needs.  If this is helpful to your local experience, please send us a word.


Earthniversity would like to thank the various owners of videos used in this post. Specifically, we would like to thank the following:

1. Art Vanchaam videos #1 and #2 from Vimeo.

2. D. J. Clark Video from Vimeo.  Text & Voice Over by Jofelle Tesoro.  Interview with Angelique Songco, dive master and Director of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park, Palawan.

3.  Nick Utchin Video from Vimeo.

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